Avoid adding those "pits" in Baby foods

yourhealth 2020-8-3 10:57:22 Health Knowledge view View comments

Adding supplementary food is an important milestone in the baby's growth and development. After the baby is 6 months old, gradually adding solid food can allow the baby to gradually adapt to different foods. However, there are divergent opinions on how to add complementary foods to babies. Some say that as long as the baby likes it, it doesn't matter if you add supplementary food earlier; others say that you can add multiple new supplementary foods at once... Is that true? Teach you some popular science knowledge, and perfectly avoid those "pits" added by complementary foods.

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When to add

Signal

There is no completely definite time point for supplementary food addition, in principle no earlier than 4 months old and no later than 8 months old. Adding complementary foods too early will increase the burden on the baby's gastrointestinal tract, increase digestion difficulties and the possibility of constipation and diarrhea, and also affect normal breastfeeding. Adding supplementary food too late will not only affect the baby's physical development, but also affect the development of its sense of taste and swallowing function.

The signals that need to add supplementary food include: the baby is obviously interested in eating for adults; the saliva secretion is significantly increased; the mushy food can be inhaled and swallowed autonomously. Most babies already have the above-mentioned abilities at the age of 6 months, so it is a good time to add supplementary food, but whether it can be added or not, it is still treated according to the specific situation of the baby.

6 months to 12 months of age is the key period for babies to develop chewing and swallowing skills. If the complementary food is too fine, the baby’s mastication function will not be properly trained, which is not conducive to the eruption of teeth and the arrangement of teeth after eruption. Chewing will not produce taste, which will not attract the baby's appetite, nor is it conducive to the development of taste. Cheek development will also be affected.

Eggs are very nutritious, and many people will use eggs as an important food for babies. However, eggs are really not suitable as a baby's first complementary food. This is because iron mainly exists in the yolk. Although the content is not low, it is a pity that the iron in the yolk belongs to non-heme iron, and the absorption effect is poor. The absorption rate is only about 3%, which cannot effectively supplement iron. For the first bite of complementary food, the key is "iron-rich slushy" food, of course iron-fortified rice noodles are more convenient for mothers.

Complementary food starts with iron-rich mashed foods, such as iron-rich rice noodles, and gradually increase vegetable and fruit mash, egg yolk mash, lean meat and liver mash, to achieve a variety of foods.

Complementary food within 1 year old

Keep it original

The baby's kidney function is not yet fully developed, and adding salt too early will increase the burden on the kidneys. In addition, babies’ taste buds are more sensitive than adults. Adding seasonings too early will harm your baby’s taste experience. If things go on like this, they may be picky eaters or anorexia. In the food of babies under 1 year old, salt and other condiments should not be added, but a small amount of cooking oil can be added; over 1 year old, no more than 1.5 grams of salt per day and no more than 15 grams of cooking oil per day.

After the baby receives the first bite of complementary food, he should introduce more food as soon as possible to enrich the baby's "complementary food store." It is not random to introduce it as soon as possible. Generally, the following principles of supplementary food addition should be followed: from less to more, from thin to thick, from fine to coarse, from one to many. Every time a new food is added, it is necessary to observe whether the baby's gastrointestinal tract tolerates it. Generally speaking, there is no allergic symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, rash, etc. occur. To be cautious, mothers can feed the food multiple times for 2 to 3 days before determining whether the baby can tolerate it before introducing other foods.

Comprehensive and balanced nutrition

Very critical

Babies always vomit complementary foods, is it because they don’t like eating? The phenomenon of "anti-new" is the baby's instinctive reaction, and the baby will vomit out if he does not understand a new food. Under normal circumstances, it may take about 10 attempts before your baby accepts a new food. Do not give up when adding a complementary food when your baby does not like to eat. It is recommended that mothers provide this kind of food to the baby intermittently, from less to more, and appropriately change the way of cooking or matching.

Some parents believe that noodles and porridge are the most "raising people." Carbohydrates are the main nutrients of grain foods such as porridge, noodles, rice, and steamed bread. Although carbohydrates are one of the three major nutrients, if there are only carbohydrates, the baby will only have energy to enter the body. If nutrients such as protein, vitamins and minerals are insufficient, the baby will not have enough "raw materials" to grow up, and lack of vitamins. May make the baby sick.

The role of supplementary food is to allow the baby to take in comprehensive and balanced nutrition and to taste more varieties of food.

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